Zinc Deficiency: Symptoms and Treatment

Zinc Deficiency: Symptoms and Treatment

A necessary mineral for human health is zinc. It plays a vital role in many of the body’s metabolic processes, including growth and development, wound healing, and the immune system. The body is thought to absorb zinc better when consumed in the form of zinc picolinate, a type of zinc bonded to picolinic acid. This zinc is commonly used as a dietary supplement to help meet an individual’s daily zinc needs.

Deficiency Symptoms

Numerous signs and symptoms of zinc deficiency include:

  • Growth retardation in children
  • Delayed wound healing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Reduced taste and smell
  • Hair loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin rashes
  • Impotence
  • Eye and skin lesions
  • Frequent infections

However, it’s worth noting that zinc deficiency is rare in developed countries. 

People who are susceptible to a zinc shortage include:

  • Vegetarians.
  • Pregnant and lactating women.
  • Individuals with malabsorption syndromes.
  • Individuals with chronic kidney disease.

It’s also important to note that taking high doses of zinc supplements, including zinc picolinate, can cause adverse side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It’s recommended to consult a healthcare professional before taking zinc supplements, especially if you are pregnant or have a pre-existing health condition.

Causes of znc deficiency

There are several causes of zinc deficiency, including:

Insufficient dietary intake: The most common cause of zinc deficiency is a diet that lacks sufficient zinc. This is particularly true in developing countries where the diet may consist primarily of grains, which have low bioavailability of zinc.

Malabsorption: The body’s capacity to absorb zinc from the diet can be impacted by several illnesses, including Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, and sickle cell anemia.

Chronic kidney disease: Kidneys play a role in zinc metabolism, and individuals with chronic kidney disease may have difficulty retaining zinc.

Alcoholism: Alcohol consumption can interfere with zinc absorption and increase zinc excretion, leading to deficiency.

Certain medications, such as diuretics and laxatives, can increase zinc excretion and contribute to deficiency.

Pregnancy and lactation: Pregnant and lactating women have increased zinc needs and may develop a deficiency if their dietary intake is insufficient.

It’s important to note that zinc deficiency can also occur due to a combination of these factors. If you believe you may be deficient in zinc, speak with a medical practitioner.

Treatment of zinc deficiency

Treatment of zinc deficiency typically involves increasing zinc intake through diet and supplements. The recommended treatment will depend on the severity of the defect and the underlying cause.

Diet: Increasing dietary intake of zinc-rich foods such as meat, seafood, nuts, and legumes can help improve zinc status.

Supplements: Zinc supplements, such as zinc picolinate, can correct a deficiency. However, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional before taking any supplements, as high doses can cause adverse side effects.

Intravenous therapy: In severe cases of deficiency, zinc may be administered intravenously (by IV)

It’s important to note that treatment should be individualized and guided by a healthcare professional, as zinc toxicity can occur with excessive intake. Also, if an underlying medical condition causes the deficiency, it is essential to address and treat it.

Once the deficiency has been treated, it’s important to continue consuming adequate amounts of zinc through diet or supplements to prevent it from recurring.


The body is thought to absorb zinc better when consumed in the form of zinc picolinate, a type of zinc bonded to picolinic acid. It is involved in the production of DNA and proteins, the metabolism of carbohydrates, the breakdown of alcohol, and the functioning of the immune system. A type of zinc called zinc picolinate is attached to picolinic acid, which is thought to improve the body’s ability to absorb zinc.

Immune Support

One of the most well-known benefits of zinc is its role in supporting a healthy immune system. Zinc is necessary to produce white blood cells, which help fight off infections. It also activates T-lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell essential for the immune response. Additionally, zinc is necessary to produce interleukin-2, a chemical that helps regulate the immune response.

Wound Healing

Another vital benefit of zinc is its role in wound healing. Zinc is necessary to form collagen, a protein crucial for wound recovery. It also plays a role in the growth and repair of tissues and the construction of new blood vessels. Additionally, zinc is necessary for the skin’s healing and can help reduce the formation of scars.

Health Of Skin

Zinc is also essential for the health of the skin. It is involved in producing collagen and the metabolism of fatty acids, which are vital to maintaining healthy skin. Additionally, zinc is necessary to form melanin, a pigment that protects the eyes from damage. This is why it is also helpful in maintaining healthy vision.

Development of Fetus

Zinc is also vital for the health of pregnant women and their fetuses. Zinc is necessary for the development of the fetus, and it is also essential for the mother’s health. It is also required to produce progesterone, which is vital for maintaining pregnancy.

It’s worth noting that more research is needed to confirm these potential benefits and determine the appropriate dosage for each individual. High doses of zinc can be poisonous and have adverse side effects, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also interacts with other medications, such as antibiotics, diuretics, and others. So, it is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional before starting any supplement regimen.

Ephuroalabs’ Zinc Picolinate

In the US, Ephuroalabs Zinc Picolinate is a popular nutritional supplement. Ephuroalabs Zinc Supplement is a NON-GMO, lactose, gluten, and nut-free zinc supplement that increases the generation of white blood cells and strengthens the immune system.


zinc vitamin is a form of zinc bound to picolinic acid to enhance absorption. It is frequently taken as a dietary supplement to help a person achieve their daily needs for zinc. Zinc deficiency can cause many symptoms, and you must consult a healthcare professional if you suspect you have a zinc deficiency.


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