What Are the Types of Disability?

What Are the Types of Disability?

There are many different types of disability, and each has a unique set of characteristics. Understanding the types of disabilities is important to know how to best help a disabled person.

Some of the most common types of disabilities are physical, mental and sensory. Find out more about them and try to identify them in your life.


A disability is a mental or physical impairment that makes it more difficult to perform certain activities or interact with others (activity limitation)

Physical disabilities are common. They can be caused by injury, illness, accident, genetic disorder, or other causes. Some disabilities are permanent while others are temporary or intermittent.

Here are some examples of physical disabilities:

Spina bifida and cerebral palsy. Multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, spinal muscular dystrophy.

A person with a physical disability may need to have special equipment to help them be as independent as possible. This could include prosthetic devices, wheelchairs, walking crutches, and other adaptive equipment.


A mental disability refers to a medical condition that can affect a person’s thinking, feelings, and mood. It can also impact their ability to interact with others.

An individual with a mental disability may need to use accommodations to perform the essential tasks of their job, such as taking medication or changing work schedules. They may also need to take time off in order to recover from their disability.

The ADA protects many types of disabilities, including those that are not immediately apparent. For example, a mental illness can be difficult to detect.


Sensory disability service providers melbourne is a term used to describe different types of conditions affecting the senses. These conditions include deafness/hard of hearing, blindness or low vision and sensory processing disorder.

Sensory disabilities can cause varying degrees of impairments and require a variety of support. These support can come in the form therapy, devices, or social support.

Specialized aids such as glasses, reading glasses, and bifocals may be beneficial for those with impaired vision or sensory loss. These can reduce the impact of their condition on their daily lives and increase their access potential.

Students who are visually or hearing impaired often bring auxiliary aids to school to facilitate their learning and access to classroom materials. These can be in the form of a cane, dog or Type-N-Speak device.


Intellectual disability is a neurodevelopmental condition that can be caused by genetics, head trauma, illness or environmental factors (alcohol or drugs, exposure to lead, mercury). It can also be caused by problems during pregnancy and childbirth.

An intellectual disability can cause problems in learning, thinking, and remembering information. They may also have difficulties with language, social skills, and problem-solving.

A combination of intelligence scores and adaptive behaviour is used to diagnose intellectual disability. This can be done by IQ testing or by talking to the person and looking at his/her behavior.

Generally, an IQ score of 70 or below is considered to indicate intellectual disability. During the IQ test, a doctor will examine different aspects of the patient’s life and compare them with others of similar age. They might also watch how the person acts with family, friends and other people in the community.


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