How To Find The Best Index Fund in India?

How To Find The Best Index Fund in India?

Mutual funds are a great investment option for individuals looking for investment options with decent returns and high-risk profiles. Index funds are also mutual funds with a key difference that regular mutual funds are managed actively. Whereas index mutual funds are managed passively, there is no need for human interference when buying/selling these funds. As index mutual funds may seem convenient, certain things must be considered when selecting the best Indian Index funds in India.

What is an Index Fund?

An index mutual fund is a type of mutual fund that is passively managed and tracks the performance of other stocks and funds listed on the NSE and BSE. These funds offer good returns when compared to the index that they track. Now, how does an index mutual fund work? Suppose an index fund is tracking the NSE index so that it will have around 50 stocks in its portfolio in similar proportions. The index can include equity and equity-related instruments along with bonds. With an index fund, you can ensure that it invests in all stocks the index tracks.

Advantages of Index Funds

Here are the various benefits of index funds:

  • Passive Funds: In an Index Fund, the fund manager replicates the tracked index. It means there’s no personal bias in choosing stocks. For instance, if an Index Fund tracks the NIFTY Next 50 Index, it invests only in those 50 stocks. Each stock in the Index Fund will have the same weight as in the NIFTY Next 50 Index. Since the fund manager isn’t making individual stock picks or trying to time the market, there’s no risk of personal bias affecting the fund’s performance.
  • Low Investment Costs: Index Funds are less expensive than actively managed Equity Mutual Funds. This is because managing an Index Fund doesn’t require a team of analysts to research and time the market. Index Funds engage in minimal trading, which reduces costs. Consequently, Index Funds have a lower expense ratio, making them a cost-effective investment option.
  • Diversified Investments: Index Funds offer diversification by investing in a broad range of stocks across various sectors. The indices they track are designed to include a variety of sectors, limiting exposure to any single stock. This diversification minimises risk and is often more cost-effective than actively managed funds, which may not achieve the same level of diversification.
  • Consistent Performance: Since Index Funds track the performance of a specific index, they deliver consistent returns that match the overall market performance. This predictability can be reassuring for investors who prefer steady growth over the potential volatility of actively managed funds.
  • Simplified Investment Strategy: Investing in Index Funds is easy. You don’t need to worryabout choosing individual stocks or timing the market. The strategy is simple: the fund mirrors the index, providing a hassle-free investment option that aligns with the market’s overall movements.

Choosing the Best Index Fund in India

Here’s how you can choose thebest index funds in India:

1. Understand the Index Being Tracked: Identify the index the fund tracks, such as NIFTY 50 or Sensex. Each index represents different market segments, impacting your exposure and risk. Ensure the index aligns with your investment goals.

2. Analyse the Fund’s Expense Ratio: Check the expense ratio, which reflects the annual fee for managing the fund. Lower expense ratios mean more of your money is invested. Compare ratios among similar funds to find the most cost-effective option.

3. Review the Fund’s Tracking Error: Understanding the tracking error, which shows how closely the fund matches the index performance, is helpful. A lower tracking error indicates better replication of the index. By choosing funds with consistently low tracking errors, you can feel reassured about the reliability of your potential returns.

4. Consider the Fund’s AUM (Assets Under Management): Analyse the fund’s AUM. Larger funds usually mean better liquidity and lower costs, but large funds face management challenges. Balance AUM with expense ratios and tracking errors for the best choice.


Selecting the best index fund in Indianeeds understanding the tracked index, analysing expense ratios, reviewing tracking errors, and considering AUM. By focusing on these factors, you can ensure that your investment aligns with your financial goals, is cost-effective, reliably tracks the index, and offers good liquidity. It will help you maximise returns and achieve your investment objectives efficiently.